What is the biblical basis of Yom Kippur?
In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall afflict your souls, and you shall not do any work … For on that day he shall provide atonement for you to cleanse you from all your sins before the YHWH. (Leviticus 16:29-30)
26 Adonai said to Moshe, 27 “The tenth day of this seventh month is Yom-Kippur; you are to have a holy convocation, you are to deny yourselves, and you are to bring an offering made by fire to Adonai. 28 You are not to do any kind of work on that day, because it is Yom-Kippur, to make atonement for you before Adonai your God. 29 Anyone who does not deny himself on that day is to be cut off from his people; 30 and anyone who does any kind of work on that day, I will destroy from among his people. 31 You are not to do any kind of work; it is a permanent regulation through all your generations, no matter where you live. 32 It will be for you a Shabbat of complete rest, and you are to deny yourselves; you are to rest on your Shabbat from evening the ninth day of the month until the following evening.” (Leviticus 23:26-32)
7 “‘On the tenth day of this seventh month you are to have a holy convocation. You are to deny yourselves, and you are not to do any kind of work; 8 but you are to present a burnt offering to Adonai to make a fragrant aroma: one young bull, one ram, and seven male lambs in their first year (they are to be without defect for you), 9 with their grain offering, fine flour mixed with olive oil, six quarts for the bull, four quarts for the one ram, 10 and two quarts for each of the seven lambs; 11 also one male goat as a sin offering; in addition to the sin offering for atonement and the regular burnt offering with its grain offering, and their drink offerings. (Numbers 29:7-11)
Yom Kippur is also known as the Day of Atonement.
How to observe Yom Kippur?
For the Jews, Yom Kippur is the day for fasting, prayer, and repentance. However, some argue that to fast is one of the ways of afflicting the soul; yet it does not necessarily mean that you should fast. Afflicting the soul is more on the observant to humble himself/herself and is not confined with just fasting.
Humbling oneself can mean more than just fasting. To truly surrender ourselves before YHWH, to trust His plan and Will for us, and to acknowledge His greatness in our life — is also a way of humbling ourselves.
Length: 25 Hours