What is the Feast of Purim?
Purim is not a commandment; it is a traditional festival that we may observe. The feast of Purim begins at sundown/sunset. It is supposed to be festive. You can find the full story at Esther 9:20-32.
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According to chabad.org, Purim means “lots” in ancient Persian. In Eastern tradition, it is called poo-REEM. Among Westerners, it is often called PUH-rim. Some Central-European communities even call it PEE-rim. But it is not pronounced as pyoo-rim.
The Feast of Purim is inaugurated consequently to commemorate a month that had been turned from sorrow into gladness, and from mourning into a holiday. It should be days of 1) feasting and gladness, 2) days for sending gifts of food to one another and 3) gifts to the poor.
For Haman, the enemy of all the Jews, had plotted against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur (lots), to crush and to destroy them. When it came before the king, the evil plan that Haman had devised against the Jews was overturned. Haman and his sons were hanged on the gallows instead.
Therefore these days were called Purim, after the term Pur.
In addition, Jews firmly obligated themselves and their offspring and to all who joined them, that without fail they would remember and keep these two days according to what was written and at the appointed time of every year, throughout every generation, in every clan, province, and city.