Exodus 20:2 I am YHWH Your Elohim (God), who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. אָֽנֹכִ֖י֙ יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֑֔יךָ אֲשֶׁ֧ר הֹוצֵאתִ֛יךָ מֵאֶ֥רֶץ מִצְרַ֖יִם מִבֵּ֣֥ית עֲבָדִֽ֑ים׃ (read from the right) ’ā-nō-ḵî YHWH ’ĕ-lō-he-ḵā, your God ’ă-šer who hō-w-ṣê-ṯî-ḵā mê-’e-reṣ miṣ-ra-yim mib-bêṯ ă-ḇā-ḏîm. אָֽנֹכִ֖י֙ ’ā-nō-ḵî […]
To know more about the 10 Commandments, it is best to read Exodus 19 and Exodus 20.
Below is the Jewish ordering of the 10 commandments. However, the Jewish Publication Society's translation of the Bible, Greek Church Fathers, and most Protestant churches (except the Lutherans), consider that God’s very existence and God’s relation to Israel in addition to the prohibition of worshiping other gods are seen as belonging together, while the prohibition of idolatry forms the second commandment. The Roman Catholic and the Lutheran churches have also another way of dividing the 10 the commandments.
Dual Structure of the 10 Commandments
Though there are no indication of how the commandments were distributed on the actual stone tablets, it is generally assumed that they there were 5 commandments in each of tablet. See http://www.jewfaq.org/10.htm
The 1st 4 commandments deal with human relationships to God. The commandments 6 through 10 deal with human relationships. The 5th commandment is said to be a bridge between the 2 tablets.
My personal note: These commandments are said to be observed in our actions, speech, and thought. It is safe to say that these should be observed in our hearts and feelings as well.
Exodus 20:3-6 You shall have no other gods beside Me. You shall not make for yourself any graven image, nor any manner of likeness, of any thing that is heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them, nor […]
Exodus 20:7 You shall not take the name of the Lord Your God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that takes His name in vain.
Exodus 20:8-11 Remember the Sabbath, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work; but the seventh day is a Sabbath unto the Lord Your God, in it you shall not do any manner of work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your man-servant, nor your maid-servant, nor […]
Exodus 20:12 Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long upon the land which the Lord God gives you. This is provision on respect for parents. Proverbs 20:20 מִשְׁלֵי מְקַלֵּל, אָבִיו וְאִמּוֹ– יִדְעַךְ נֵרוֹ, באישון (בֶּאֱשׁוּן) חֹשֶׁךְ. 20 Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in […]